**NOTE: All laboratory testing requires an authorizing physician in order to complete the laboratory testing.**
Copper serum is of the diagnostic methods of ascertaining whether a patient is suffering from some kind of liver problem or from a genetic disease called Wilson’s disease.
(Copper Toxicity, Copper Overload, Copper Serum, Hair Analysis, Percentage of Free Copper, Eliminating Copper, Copper Overload Symptoms, Related Testing)
Understanding and Measuring Copper:
Copper serum is a highly reliable blood test that directly relates to brain chemistry. Elevated copper levels can alter the brains function, specifically the activity of dopamine and norepinephrine. Copper plays a large role in the metabolism of dopamine and the synthesis of norepinephrine. In turn, elevated copper levels lower dopamine levels and raise levels of norepinephrine. Imbalances in these essential brain chemicals have been related to paranoid schizophrenia, bi-polar disorder, postpartum depression, ADD, ADHD, autism, and violent aggressive behavior. Copper serum levels can single handedly be the root cause of an individual condition, but elevated copper serum levels are also known to cause zinc levels to deplete and oxidative stress to rise.
Hair analysis results provide copper levels, but hair analysis is a poor determination of free copper. Copper experts believe the most accurate way to determine copper levels are to measure both copper serum and Ceruloplasmin. Ceruloplasmin is the major copper carrying protein found in the blood. These two results can be plugged into an equation, which reveals the percentage of free copper.
“Hair analysis ALONE is a very poor way to assess copper status. I say this after (a) evaluating more than 100,000 hair analyses, (b) developing the first high-quality hair standards (loaned to NIH and other researchers), and (c) performing numerous double-blind, controlled experiments involving hair chemistries. Findings of high Cu levels in hair are compromised by the many external sources of Cu which cannot be completely removed by washing. Low levels of Cu in hair and/or blood often are coincident with dangerous overloads of Cu in liver. Hair Cu values can provide information of clinical significance, but by itself is not clinically decisive.”, Bill Walsh, PhD, Pfeiffer Treatment Center
Percentage of free Copper:
The amount of free serum copper is the amount of unbound copper circulating in the blood, which is unbound by Ceruloplasmin. This is the copper that is “free” to accumulate in the liver and other organs. A free copper percentage above 20% is classified as elevated and outside of the optimal range.
The calculation for free copper is as follows:
(Total Serum Copper in ug/dl) – (Ceruloplasmin in mg/dl x 3) / Copper serum =
Symptoms of Copper Overload (Nutrient Power: Heal Your Biochemistry and Heal Your Brain, Dr. William J. Walsh):
It is essential to not only examines copper serum, but also examines levels of zinc plasma, whole blood histamine, pyrroles, and Ceruloplasmin. Accurate results from these key laboratory tests are the first step into balancing brain chemistry with nutrient therapy. When administered properly, the advanced nutrient therapy treatment model is natural, effective, and relatively free of side effects.
Elevated copper serum levels are also known to cause zinc levels to deplete. Maintaining a healthy copper to zinc ration is extremely important for healthy brain function. So, it is essential to not only examine copper serum, but also examine levels of Zinc Plasma.